By Moni Basu, CNN
(CNN) – Abigail Fisher argues that the University of Texas unconstitutionally considered race in admitting students, resulting in her exclusion. She sued the university, and on Wednesday, the highest court in the land began hearing the case, reigniting contentious debate on whether a policy of preferences does good or harm.
Should America consider new limits on racial preferences? Or ban them altogether?
Should we be chanting "Long live affirmative action"? Or cheering its death?
A few years ago, in a Supreme Court ruling on school desegregation, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote:
“The way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discriminating on the basis of race."
Simple enough to say, but, of course, a far more difficult notion to implement.
In any case, people from opposing corners came out slugging as the Supreme Court weighed the Texas case as Fisher, who'd been mum in the media, gave her first interview to The New York Times.
“I’m hoping that they’ll completely take race out of the issue in terms of admissions," she told the Times, "and that everyone will be able to get into any school that they want no matter what race they are but solely based on their merit and if they work hard for it.”
Gail Heriot, a member of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, told CNN that affirmative action is backfiring badly. Race preferences, she said, are doing more harm than good and suggests such policies result in fewer African-American professionals.
In an amicus brief supporting Fisher's petition, Heriot argued that affirmative action leads to minority students entering top schools, where their credentials put them at the bottom of the class.
Joshua Thompson of the conservative Pacific Legal Foundation, which also filed a legal brief in support of Fisher, said, "Using race in admissions decisions, to achieve diversity, amounts to stereotyping people by their race."
The authors of "Mismatch: How Affirmative Action Hurts Students It's Intended to Help, and Why Universities Won't Admit it," said that America ought to keep affirmative action but reform it. They pointed out two reforms in particular: Limit the overall size of racial preferences and mandate a thorough transparency at any university that wants to use them.
Ebony magazine cried foul with an opinion piece called "Affirmative Action vs. White Privilege: Abigail Fisher cries discrimination over a school that says she wouldn't have gotten into regardless of her race. What will the Supreme Court say?"
Guardian columnist Gary Younge argued that "the central barrier to meritocracy is not race but class, and that if entrance to higher education in America were only based on test scores and academic ability, the biggest losers, by far, would be wealthy white kids."
The biggest winners in affirmative action, said Chris Seck in the Harvard Law Record, are not minorities but whites.
"We have an ironic situation where institutions that claim to promote 'diversity,' despite their sincere intentions, appear to limit minorities to a minority of seats," Seck wrote. "Conversely, this results in an apparent entrenchment of white majorities."
Others argued affirmative action is an idea whose time has come and gone.
"Affirmative action today arises in a wholly different political context: Institutionalized segregation is a thing of the past," wrote Richard Epstein for the Hoover Institution's defining Ideas journal.
Salon posted stories on the silence of Republican conservatives on the affirmative action challenge and the liberal case against race-based preferences.
Students weigh in with their opinions
Here are some more opinions from Twitter:
ow.ly/elNkT SCOTUS debates Affirmative Action which most #millennials oppose— Hais Winograd (@MikeAndMorley) October 10, 2012
ow.ly/elNkT SCOTUS debates Affirmative Action which most #millennials oppose
Explaining Affirmative Action to someone who thinks it's the poor man's tool to be lazy and get "everything" is a bit mind-numbing. Ugh.— Jonathan R. Johnson (@GandalfJohnson) October 10, 2012
Explaining Affirmative Action to someone who thinks it's the poor man's tool to be lazy and get "everything" is a bit mind-numbing. Ugh.
White privilege IS affirmative action.— (@Anti_Intellect) October 02, 2012
White privilege IS affirmative action.
White Males are now a minority in America. They should apply now for Affirmative action programs.— Ron Sansone (@Ron_Sansone) October 02, 2012
White Males are now a minority in America. They should apply now for Affirmative action programs.
Tell us what you think. Should affirmative action continue? Does it need reform? Or is it an idea that is past its prime? Post your comments below.
as a black student i see the good and bad of affirmative action i think we should just get rid of it and allow everyone to have a fair chance i want to get in to the better school or get the better job because i know that i am the best at what i do not because of my skin color
I'm a minority and I don't support affirmative action. GET RID OF FILLING IN THE RACE BOX PLEASE. It just creates hate. My kids test upper 5% every year state board test. I don’t want anyone thinking it was given to them because it wasn’t. This affirmative action can only put down a minority accomplishments.
If you are not accepted in school even if your SAT is significantly higher than other lower achieving students due to your race, that is racism. Right?
When less qualified students get in ahead of you because they happen to be black our hispanic, that is unjust and racism.
So when a higher-GPA Hispanic high-school student like my daughter gets called derogatory names and black-balled by other, mostly white students because she will not let them copy off her papers during tests and class work, what is that???
Abigail Fisher was a mediocre student who didn't meet UT's requirements. Not everyone gets into their first choice for schools, but most don't cry about it and file lawsuits.
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