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Opinion: After 9/11, reaction to Muslim Americans more nuanced
April 24th, 2013
05:24 PM ET

Opinion: After 9/11, reaction to Muslim Americans more nuanced

Editor's Note: Hussein Rashid is a native New York Muslim. He teaches at Hofstra University in the department of religion. He is an associate editor at Religion Dispatches, a term member on the Council on Foreign Relations, and fellow at the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding.

(CNN) - After the tragic Boston Marathon bombing on April 15, a dramatic firefight in Watertown and the final capture of one of the two suspects, there are two names tied to this tragedy: Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, two brothers believed to be behind the attack.

We are learning quite a bit about them: where they grew up, what the older brother may have believed and how friends and family remember them.

However, whatever we learn about them does not tell us why they did what they did – only parts of who they are. It is easy, in the initial aftermath of the bombings, to make careless associations between identity and motive, similar to post 9/11 reaction.

But this time, there is a change in rhetoric of how  potential suspects are identified, particularly if they are Muslim. It is because of this change we are learning to move past paralyzing fear and maturing in how we think of what it means to be American.

After 9/11, there were times when Muslims, Arab-Americans and others felt like it was a “witch hunt” to find who committed the acts, which resulted in misplaced searches and error. Then, after the worst terrorist attack on U.S. soil, there was swift action to protect and condemn.  It resulted in the  fatal shooting of innocent men like Balbir Singh Sodhi. He was killed by Frank Roque, who wanted to "kill a Muslim" in response to the terror attacks.

He was not alone in being targeted after 9/11.

The implication that all Muslims - and those who "look" Muslim - are out to get Americans flies in the face of the history of American Muslims. It is also contradicted by hard data that shows how few attacks against Americans are carried out by Muslims, and the outsize perception of Muslim participation in terror attacks.

Study after study also shows that Muslims who are engaged with their mosque and in their communities tend to be more civically engaged, like the Muslim leader who recently thwarted an attack in Canada.

Tamerlan was not well-integrated into the mosque he attended.

There are reports that perhaps he was radicalized, connected to a larger network of individuals and influenced by abhorrent videos that may have been a motivation.

There is more to be learned.

But America is reacting differently to this suspect than to American Muslims after 9/11. This is in part because American Muslims are much more visibly engaged in political and civil society structures, and that active engagement has also resulted in a more confident expression of what it means to be American and Muslim. In the immediate aftermath of the bombing, the Islamic Center of Boston Cultural Center provided 40 medical professionals and volunteered the center as a disaster relief area.

This time, there seemed to be more acknowledgement that these tragedies really are orchestrated by all sorts of Americans. While there are reports of attacks on Muslim Americans, and fears of further attacks against Muslims and Sikhs, it has not been to the extent of fear after 9/11.

There has also been a more sophisticated discussion about how these brothers were acting in an American mold, following the boys of Columbine.

Along with college students,  prominent clerical and political figures are actively speaking out against Islamophobia and indiscriminate hate against Muslims.

There are mosque leaders encouraging their congregations to not hide, but to educate. There have been a variety of books, like "Love, InshAllah," and the "I Speak for Myself"  series, that express a variety of experiences of Muslim Americans.

These are all signs of confidence from within the American Muslim community, and that comes with support and acceptance of the broader society that Muslims are American.

This change in rhetoric around looking for simple answers gives me hope. It means we are healing from the tragedy of 9/11 – and growing stronger.

The sad fact is that we cannot predict attacks like this, as much as we would like to. The best we can do is build true communities that are resilient and where we recognize that being American does not mean one ethnicity or faith.

We are looking to create something better, and not live in fear.

The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Hussein Rashid.

soundoff (9 Responses)
  1. Jose M. Pulido

    Hussein Rashid calls the Boston Marathon the mass murdering a "tragic Boston marathon bombing." The Boston Marathon bombing is not a tragic event but premeditated murder by foreign Muslims, one a naturalized US citizen and a US permanent resident the other. Had those explosions been caused, let's say, by a defective underground gas pipe, then it would have been a tragic accident because it would have been an unexpected accident. The word tragic describes people who are harmed or killed by an unavoidable accident. But when these two Muslim/Islamists murderers deliverately planned and planted the bombs near people and exploded them, that is premeditated murder an not a tragic accident as Muslims/Islamists portray it in order to downplay their evil actions and intentions to destroy the USA, Israel and all countries that are still free from the oppression of the deadly ideology of Islam. My fellow Americans, don't be fooled by these Muslim sweet writers and talkers; they portray the situation as if after all such cowardly attacks by Muslims/ Islamists a American's fault.

    May 5, 2013 at 5:19 am | Report abuse |
    • Jerad

      What are you talking about? Where in this article does the author remotely imply that the murderous actions of these so-called "Muslims" is America's fault? If you're going to post something, at least have the decency to be honest about what the author is saying and not bring something from left field that has nothing to do with the point of the article. Beyond these 2 psychopaths, there are way more real Muslims who are civically engaged, law abiding, patriotic American citizens. And thankfully this is starting to be recognized by more and more people in general, as the article points out.

      You can hate Muslims and Islam all you want, and you can walk around with this mentality that Muslims "are out to kill us and take over." Sure, there are some twisted extremists of their faith that no doubt have this psychotic view. But truth and reality state the overwhelming majority of Muslims, especially in this country, are normal, decent people not trying to hurt anyone, just trying to live their lives like everyone else. You would be wise to accept such reality.

      June 26, 2013 at 8:59 pm | Report abuse |
  2. RainMaker

    Why did Islam become the fastest growing religion in U.S.A after 9/11? Before 9/11 5000 people would accept islam. This number jumped to 20,000 after 9/11. THAT IS A HUGE JUMP. Are you telling me that after 9/11 suddenly Americans became unpatriotic or were they afraid of Muslims? neither of them is true in my opinion. The only truth is that they actually had an excuse to do more research about Islam after 9/11 and they couldn't help but accept the religion. Don't blame the religion. blame the followers. In my opinion. usa is the biggest terrorist in the world. Just go youtube 'Gen Wesley Clark policy coup' and watch the General reveal everything in front of your eyes. Why do the Americans have 900 military bases around the world? WHY? Because we Americans are power hungry we are afraid if another country becomes a super power then it would commit the same oppression that we committed around the world. Know the difference between the one who truely stands for human rights and freedom and the one who simply wears a mask of freedom..

    May 2, 2013 at 11:28 am | Report abuse |
    • truthxsaber

      That's because these "jihadists" aren't doing God's work. They're just crazy murderers who THINK they're being Muslim, but in reality, they're totally brainwashed.

      May 3, 2013 at 9:28 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Mohamiss Shafique-Kaddir

    Political Islam cannot separate violent Jihad from the Shariah , Hadiths and Surrah , if we do , we become apostates . American Islam is weak , tender and slaves to man's law . The Koran is the only literal and timeless revelation of Allah , and must be the highest law . We lie to Infidels and unbelievers to propagate Islam , and they are obligates to believe those lies .

    May 2, 2013 at 11:16 am | Report abuse |
    • forreal89

      who cares leave

      July 12, 2013 at 11:32 pm | Report abuse |
    • forreal89

      zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz what

      July 12, 2013 at 11:32 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Just Call Me Lucifer

    So you apparently "fear" your so-called "loving" god. I guess that might have to do with the bullshyte about he loves you, but if you screw up you'll burn for eternity. Perhaps you could explain the "Thou shall not nurser" thing your god supposedly told you about., as it makes no sense, just like the rest of your beliefs. Also, I really like the veiled threat about turning the other cheek. You are certainly a true peace loving christian until someone says or does something your myopic brainwashed worldview can't handle. Pathetic.

    April 30, 2013 at 3:41 pm | Report abuse |
  5. truthxsaber

    Replace Jesus with God, and you'll find that the real Muslims believe the same thing you do. It's only the crazy psychopathic extremists that ruin it for the rest of us.

    May 3, 2013 at 9:30 pm | Report abuse |