December 27th, 2012
10:46 AM ET

Being transgender no longer a mental 'disorder' in diagnostic manual

By Moni Basu, CNN

(CNN) - The American Psychiatric Association announced this month approved changes in its official guide to classifying mental illnesses.

Among the major announced revisions to the manual, known as DSM-5, is that Asperger's syndrome will now be included in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder "to help more accurately and consistently diagnose children with autism," the association said in a statement.

But the group made another big change that did not make as many headlines, though it is considered by many to be important.

The new DSM eliminates the term "gender identity disorder," long considered stigmatizing by mental health specialists and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender activists.

That old diagnosis meant that a man who believed he was destined to be a woman was considered mentally ill.

No longer so.

The new DSM refers to "gender dysphoria," which focuses the attention on only those who feel distressed by their gender identity.

"I think it's a significant change," said Jack Drescher, a member of the American Psychiatric Association group that made the recommendation after working on it for four years. "It's clinically defensible, but it reduces the amount of stigma and harm that existed before."

Drescher said there had been calls to remove the diagnosis altogether just as homosexuality was removed from the DSM in 1973. Drescher said he believes that removal changed world opinion on homosexuality.

But gender dysphoria was left as a diagnosis to ensure that a transgender person could still access health care if needed. Hormone treatment would be one example. Another would be counseling for those who need help dealing with their emotions.

Many LGBT activists felt that the gender dysphoria diagnosis could be a powerful legal tool when challenging discrimination in health insurance plans and services.

The National Center for Transgender Equality said it was pleased with the change.

"It will mark a significant lowering of the stigmatization that many trans people have faced," said Mara Keisling, executive director of the center.

"The changes help make clear that there is nothing pathological about having a transgender identity, and that the role of the mental health profession is to affirm and support individuals in being themselves in the face of societal misunderstanding," she said.

But others were not satisfied.

Transgender activist Kelley Winters, founder of a group calling for the reform of gender identity disorder, said the new DSM does not go far enough.

The new criteria "represent some forward progress on issues of social stigma and barriers to medical transition care, for those who need it," Winters wrote on her blog.

"However, they do not go nearly far enough in clarifying that nonconformity to birth-assigned roles and victimization from societal prejudice do not constitute mental pathology."

The greater issue, though, may be the larger sociopolitical impact the new category will have, wrote Dr. Dana Beyer, a public health and LGBT civil rights advocate who also served on the American Psychiatric Association's working group.

"Our greatest accomplishment on the Working Group was reconceptualizing the state of 'being trans' from a mental illness to a normal human variant," she wrote on The Huffington Post.

She noted that back in 1990, trans persons were lumped together with pedophiles in the Americans With Disabilities Act. The new DSM, she said, "finally brings trans persons into the light with the rest of the community of humanity."

Posted by
Filed under: Gender • Health • Who we are
soundoff (327 Responses)
  1. luvey

    What is wrong will become right and what was once right will become wrong.

    December 29, 2012 at 11:29 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Richard

    Once again, poltical-correctness trumps medical reality. What next? Every genetic disorder is now "normal?" Will that mean all the money directed toward fixing them will be stopped?

    December 29, 2012 at 9:22 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Lord Yabu

    You bring out Chaz Bono as evidence there is no disorder ? Too funny. Never.

    December 29, 2012 at 12:02 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Hitsteria

    300+ opinions and counting and only a handful of people who know anything about what they're talking about.

    December 29, 2012 at 1:21 am | Report abuse |
  5. Susan

    Does this mean that taxpayers are off the hook when it comes to paying for 'gender reassignment' surgery for inmates?

    December 28, 2012 at 8:34 am | Report abuse |
  6. Steve

    So it's not a mental disorder despite there being no clearer example of one, so will insurers be forced to cover the "treatment" for this non existent mental disorder or will liberals force that upon the taxpayer? How many other non mental problems will insurers or taxpayers be forced to cover?

    December 28, 2012 at 8:05 am | Report abuse |

    Sad to see this

    December 28, 2012 at 1:21 am | Report abuse |
  8. lovemygirl

    Wow, PC has got to go.
    To further an agenda and make people feel good they reclassify something. Sorry, if you are born a man or a woman that is what you are. Believing you are not a man nor a woman is no longer classified as a mental disorder, but it is nuts.

    December 28, 2012 at 12:51 am | Report abuse |
  9. SingAPsalm

    Steve, In fact I have met transgender people. You obviously didn't read my post thoroughly or misinterpreted it. I was criticizing CNN for posting the type of article that always have the readers going at each others throats instead of sharing opinions that are constructive. I don't know why you've chosen to insult me to defend CNN, but I find you offensive and pathetic, as well.

    December 27, 2012 at 10:01 pm | Report abuse |
    • iluvpurple

      Can't say I agree. CNN's only job is to inform. CNN can put any topic about transgender issues on their website and the same kind of replies will surface. Sadly, it's too be expected. Too many people are misinformed about our issues or have no clue what transgender means. The replies reflect that clearly.

      December 27, 2012 at 10:37 pm | Report abuse |
1 2